In previous messages, you learned that any business, including building a network
marketing organization are established in order to satisfy a need or a want. It does that by producing a good or a service
or developing services and/or information for a group of people whom we call a target market. For profit oriented organizations,
it is essential that you produce or have access to sufficient quantities of the product so as to meet the product or good
cost of production and earn a reasonable profit.
If this can not be done, the business will suffer and, ultimately, will not survive.
The process of raising people's awareness to the product through proper strategies to enable
them to buy it, in exchange of, usually, cash or credit that will provide a profit for you, is the essence of Marketing.
For non-profit organizations, the objective of the exchange is not to gain profit, but to obtain customer satisfaction.
What is Marketing?
Marketing comes from the word "Market." A ‘Market’ is "a group of potential customers with similar
needs who are willing to exchange something of value with sellers offering various goods and/or services." For a more detailed
discussion of Markets and Marketing go back to the Information Warehouse
and review your Effective Sales, Sponsoring & Recruiting Market. Click here to review this module in the Information Warehouse.
This means that "Marketing" is a process by which
two groups of people (the customers and the sellers) who have needs to be satisfied, are willing to try to satisfy these needs
by exchanging products (goods or services), ideas and/or information for monetary or non-monetary returns that include monetary
or non-monetary profit. This can be done face-to-face at some physical location (or through someone in the middle) that links
buyers and sellers living apart.
The Five Concepts of Marketing
In order to carry out the marketing activities, which are needed
to achieve the desired exchanges with the target market, marketing managers have several alternative concepts that could guide
these activities: The production concept, the product concept, the selling concept, the marketing concept, and the societal
These concepts have developed throughout the years
in parallel with the continuous development in the concept of business itself. They still hold as optional strategies that
marketing managers could use at any time depending on the marketing situation ahead of them.
The Production Concept
This concept holds that consumers will favor those products
that are widely available and low in cost.
The Product Concept
This concepts holds that consumers will favor those products that offer the most quality, performance, or innovative features.
of the above concepts are old ones. They were developed at a time when companies focused on the production of a few specific
products, if not only one. Management would think in the following way, "If we can make it, it will sell." Or, they might
say "How could they (customers) know what they want before they see the product?"
The Selling Concept
This concept holds that consumers, if left alone, will ordinarily
not buy enough of the organization’s products.
By 1930, mass production was under way and companies had more production
capabilities. Competition started to appear stronger than before. Companies had now the ability to produce similar but cheaper
To answer the problem of how to beat the competition and win more
and more customers was resolved in the adoption of the selling concept where more emphasis was placed on selling the product
(no matter how) by undergoing an aggressive selling and promotion efforts.
The Marketing Concept
The concept holds that the key to achieving organizational goals
consists of being more effective than competitors in integrating marketing activities toward determining and satisfying the
needs and wants of target markets.
This concept started a new era of understanding marketing and business.
It involved, for the first time, customers. Business managers (including the marketing ones) have started to realize the importance
of knowing what consumers think and what there wishes are (in terms of their products).
Rather than making whatever products they see easy to produce,
or getting stuck on one product without taking into consideration customers' needs, managers have now started to incorporate
the needs of their customers in their daily business decision making.
The company's marketing activities have now started to revolve
around its newest focus: the company's customers. The new marketing concept is now based on four main ideas: The target market,
customer needs, integrated marketing, and profitability.
The Societal Marketing Concept
This concept holds that the organization’s task is to determine
the needs, wants and interests of target markets and to deliver the desired satisfactions more effectively and efficiently
than competitors in a way that preserves or enhances consumer's and the society's well-being.
This is the fifth and the newest concept of marketing. It focuses
on the well-being of the individual and the society by taking them into consideration when marketing activities and efforts
are being made. It calls for a balance between the company's profits, customer satisfaction, and society's interest.
What Is A Product?
From previous posts, you learned that products are offered
by organizations to satisfy certain needs or wants of customers.
Products can be physical and tangible (seen and touched) items
called "goods," or, they can be virtual (generated by computerized or electronic means) or intangible (cannot be
seen and touched) items such as "services, or it could be a combination of both.
Products that are considered "goods" can be stored and produced
away from the customer; while those that are considered "services" can not be stored and they are often produced in the presence
of a customer.
The Unite Arab Emirates is an open market. It contains local and
international products. Each product must have a specific target market that it is aimed at.
ATarget Market is a group of customers who are segmented from the total population due to
the similar characteristics, buying habits and behavior and whom the company wishes to contact regarding the product.
The Marketing Mix
Your marketing mix will always involve making decisions concerning
the 4 Ps - Product, Promotion, Price and Place.of introducting products, services and/or information
to the general public.
First: You have to make decisions on the
decisions you have to make here should reflect the needs of the targeted group. What are you offering your customers and in
what shape or form are you offering it?
Second: You have to make decisions on
decisions you have to make here are concerned with how and with which methods you are going to tell your potential customers
and your target market about your product. Promotion includes:
Selling (Publicity and Advertising)
You will have to make promotional decisions on whether you want to use one
kind of promotion or a blend of more than one.
Following is a brief description of each tool:
A: Personal Selling: Personal
selling is a very costly tool to promote your product but in some types of businesses it is the most important one. It involves
direct communication between sellers and potential customers in the form of a telephone interview or face-to-face meeting.
B: Word of Mouth: Word
of Mouth is based on the reputation of your product and how people perceived it to be. Word of mouth is what people tell each
other and talk amongst themselves about your product. It is free of charge but you can not rely on it on its own. A bad quality
product or a company with a bad reputation can be destroyed by the word of mouth of its potential buyers, even before it is
officially introduced into the market.
C: Mass Selling: Mass
Selling is the means to communicate with a large number of potential customers at the same time and it consists of:
Advertising & Publicity; Advertising
is a "paid form of nonpersonal presentation of ideas, goods or services by an identified sponsor," while
Publicity is unpaid.
D: Sales Promotion: Sales
Promotion ivolves the use of leaflets, brochures, coupons, signs, special offers, discounts, and samples, etc., It is important to realize that the best way to promote your product is to choose a promotional
mix (a combination of more than one promotional tool) that best suits your potential customers, your own promotional budget
and the availability of enough resources.
have to make decisions on Price: The decision you have to make
here is: what is the right price for this product? Further question asked could be found in the appendix, page ?
have to make decisions on the Place: The decisions you have to make here should reflect how you are going to provide the product
to the target market. You have to deliver the product at the appropriate time and location keeping its quality intact.
Every Reality Networker, in your effort to develop a marketing strategy,
has to design a specific Marketing Mix for the targeted customers. To do this, you have to
develop a product or have access to a product, service or information that is appealing to
a certain target group.
Then you must find a way to deliver your product, service or information and
reach your group’s place. You can let your targeted customers know about your
product, service or information by using one or more of the promotional tools discussed
in this blog and, last but not least, a price will have to be set to reflect the buying ability of
the target market.
As a Reality Networker, the marketing strategy for building your network; either online or off line, should
reflect the decisions you have made concerning the Marketing Mix that best represents you, your company
and product or service to the market you have identified that needs, wants or you can use what you have to offer.